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About Shimla

Shimla is the capital city of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, located in northern India. It shares a border in the North with the States of Mandi and Kullu, with Kinnaur in the East, Uttarakhand in the South-East,  and Solan and Sirmaur in the South.

The elevation of the city ranges from 300m to 2'200m. Shimla is well known as a hub for India's tourism sector and is among the top 10 preferred locations by entrepreneurs in India. As a large and growing city, Shimla is home to many renowned colleges and research institutions in India. The city has a large number of temples and palaces. Shimla is also well noted for its architectural style including Tudorbethan and neo-Gothic styles dating from the colonial era. Owing to its scenic terrain, Shimla is home to the legendary mountain biking race MTB Himalaya. The event was started in 2005 and is now regarded as the biggest event in South East Asia.

About the City

Land area (km2)

35 km2

Population

169,758 (2011)

Population growth rate

1,042,161 (2001)

% of the city's territory which is urban

Not available

Population density (hab / km2)

120 hab/km2

Rate of population density change over last decade

12.67 hab/km2/year

Climate

Subtropical highland climate

Geography

Highland

Main economic activity

Third sector (Commerce, service sectors (electricity/gas supply, water supply, construction, transportation/storage))

Community type

Mixed community

About the Local Government

Official name

Shimla Municipal Corporation (SMC)

Official name in English

Shimla Municipal Corporation (SMC)

Number of municipal employees

100+ (2013)

Annual income in USD

Not available

Annual expenditure in USD

Not available

Mayor or senior elected representative

5 years

Municipal Commissioner or senior appointed representative

Subject to the state government decision

City vision and mission statement

Citizen-friendly, well-planned, clean and green Shimla

 

Website

http://www.shimlamc.gov.in/

Urban systems, infrastructures and services managed by the Local Government

Health care facilities, Parks, Public transportation, Road maintenance, Water supply, Waste management, Wastewater management, Wastewater treatment

ICLEI Membership

Yes

Member of regional/national/global initiatives

Yes

Original vision and practice

Municipal Solid Waste Management

The Municipal Corporation of Shimla is well recognized for its door-to-door waste collection system, established in partnership with the private sector. The city is implementing a multi-year PPP based Integrated Solid Waste Management project, under the national Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JnNURM) scheme, amounting to 2.53 Million USD.  The project includes 10 components, ranging from the door-to-door collection of waste, to an integrated waste treatment and disposal facility and capacity building to strengthen waste management information, education and communication.

Development of a Solar City Master Plan

The City has prepared a Solar City Master Plan to implement a range of renewable energy and energy efficiency (demand-side) measures. Initiatives outlined in the Plan include the installation of 1000 LED street lights, solar street lights and mandatory solar water heaters for new development projects. Additionally, 5,000 solar panels are planned for installation on Shimla homes, with a significant subsidy provided by the Government of India.

Water and wastewater

A variety of projects are planned for the water and wastewater sectors, including decentralized wastewater treatment for areas in Shimla that are lacking sewage infrastructure. Currently, Shimla uses energy to pump fresh water up the mountainside to the city center to meet the local demand for water. To ease the pressure on Shimla’s water infrastructure and energy resources, the City has enacted a mandate requiring all new buildings to incorporate rainwater collection by placing cisterns or catchment tanks on rooftops.

Low carbon transportation

To ease transportation challenges such as congestion, Shimla, together with a private consulting firm, recently developed a City Mobility Plan that has yet to be approved by relevant state government authorities. The plan includes initiatives such as Bus Rapid Transit (BRT), defined walking and cycling paths, and a system of trolley cars and escalators which help to move people more efficiently around the hillside town.

Case study

Addressing future climate change by building institutional capacity (Case study developed by ICLEI and available here)

Greenhouse Gas Inventory

The Shimla Municipal Corporation completed its greenhouse gas inventory for 2008, committing to increasing the share of renewable energy within the city's energy mix and energy efficiency both by 5% by 2018.

At a glance

% access to electricity

Not available

% access to district heating

Not available

% access to district cooling

Not available

Modal split

62% of the work trips are served by buses which from 27% percent of the traffic volume. Only 30% of the work trips are by private four wheelers, which form 65% of the traffic volume. All the forms of work trips are not accessible by vehicles because of the restricted roads. Therefore all forms of work trips includes walk as the important mode of work trip.

Public transportation network coverage of urban area

Not available

Energy profile

Community's final energy consumption by economic sector according to GPC

Not available

Energy consumption per inhabitant

Not available

% of local government operations of community final energy consumption

Not available

Local government operations of final energy consumption by sector of activity according to IEAP

Not available

Community final energy consumption evolution through time

Not available

Further information on energy profile

Not available

For more information on the city's GHG emission reporting, visit their profile on the carbonn Climate Registry.

Municipal Solid Waste Management  

The Municipal Corporation of Shimla is well recognized for its door-to-door waste collection system, established in partnership with the private sector. The city is implementing a multi-year PPP based Integrated Solid Waste Management project, under the national Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JnNURM) scheme, amounting to 2.53 Million USD.  The project includes 10 components, ranging from the door-to-door collection of waste, to an integrated waste treatment and disposal facility and capacity building to strengthen waste management information, education and communication.

Development of a Solar City Master Plan

The City has prepared a Solar City Master Plan to implement a range of renewable energy and energy efficiency (demand-side) measures. Initiatives outlined in the Plan include the installation of 1000 LED street lights, solar street lights and mandatory solar water heaters for new development projects. Additionally, 5,000 solar panels are planned for installation on Shimla homes, with a significant subsidy provided by the Government of India.

Water and wastewater

A variety of projects are planned for the water and wastewater sectors, including decentralized wastewater treatment for areas in Shimla that are lacking sewage infrastructure. Currently, Shimla uses energy to pump fresh water up the mountainside to the city center to meet the local demand for water. To ease the pressure on Shimla’s water infrastructure and energy resources, the City has enacted a mandate requiring all new buildings to incorporate rainwater collection by placing cisterns or catchment tanks on rooftops.

Low-carbon transportation

To ease transportation challenges such as congestion, Shimla, together with a private consulting firm, recently developed a City Mobility Plan that has yet to be approved by relevant state government authorities. The plan includes initiatives such as Bus Rapid Transit (BRT), defined walking and cycling paths, and a system of trolley cars and escalators which help to move people more efficiently around the hillside town.

Greenhouse Gas Inventory

The Shimla Municipal Corporation completed its greenhouse gas inventory for 2008, committing to increasing the share of renewable energy within the city's energy mix and energy efficiency both by 5% by 2018.

For more information on the city's mitigation action reporting, visit their profile (page 2) on the carbonn Climate Registry.

GCC tracking for Shimla

1.11.21.32.12.22.33.13.23.3
Step I
4.14.24.35.15.25.36.16.26.3
Step II
7.17.27.38.18.28.39.19.29.3
Step III

GreenClimateCities Methodology - Legend

GreenClimateCities Methodology - Shimla

Urban LEDS

Main LED priorities of the city /city´s aspirations

Shimla is moving towards a low carbon climate resilient economy by integrating and implementing innovative solutions for the city in the following sectors:

 

  • Municipal Solid Waste Management;
  • Water Supply and Sewerage
  • Providinv basic services and residential units to the urban poor;
  • Climate risk management in urban areas through disaster preparedness and mitigation. 

 

Lessons learned and replication 

 

  • Shimla has demonstrated that plans for economic growth can be compatible with low-carbon and climate-resilient pathways and avoid lock-in to high carbon and vulnerable infrastructure.
  • It has been highlighted that the adaptation-related co-benefits of mitigation actions, and other social co-benefits such as poverty alleviation, health, energy access and security can be scaled up across the city.
  • It has been mutually agreed by the local government and civil society that there is need to integrate mitigation and adaptation through planning in view of Shimla’s hilly topography.
  • Shimla has been leveraging support received thus far and hence attracting further financial, capacity-building, technology transfer and other types of international support. 

 

Urban-LEDS process / GreenClimateCities methodology implementation

Urban-LEDS MoU with ICLEI (name of document, date)

Memorandum of Understanding, 8/30/2013