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About Panaji

Panaji is the capital of the Indian state of Goa and the headquarters of the North Goa district. The City lies on the banks of the Mandovi River estuary in Tiswadi Taluka. Panaji is one of the most attractive touristic destination in India. Its name means “land that never floods”.

About the City

Land area (km2)

8.12 km2


65,000 (2011)

Population growth rate

1% (annual growth rate)

% of the city's territory which is urban

Not available

Population density (hab / km2)

8004.93 hab/km2 (2011)

Rate of population density change over last decade



Tropical wet-dry

Main economic activity

Third sector (Commerce, service sectors (electricity/gas supply, water supply, construction, transportation/storage)

Community type


About the Local Government

Official name

Corporation of the City of Panaji

Official name in English

Corporation of the City of Panaji

Number of municipal employees

285 permanent employees and 402 daily wage employees (2006)

Annual income in USD

44.8 million USD

Annual expenditure in USD

1.96 Million USD (2005)

Mayor or senior elected representative

5 years

Municipal Commissioner or senior appointed representative

Subject to the state govt. decision

City vision and mission statement

Panaji is to be developed as a city that is environmentally and economically sustainable, a city that is a mixture of heritage and modernity, a city that cares for its citizen, a city that cares for its tourist, a city that maintains it culture, a city that provide high quality infrastructure services and facilities, a well managed clean, green and safe city that provides better present and bright future to its people.




Urban systems, infrastructures and services managed by the Local Government

Health care facilities, Parks, Public transportation, Roads construction, Water supply, Waste management, Wastewater drainage, Storm water drainage; Building plan approval; Street lighting; Traffic Mgt., fire services; Open spaces; master plan, land use and building bylaws; Slum development; Heritage building conservation

ICLEI Membership

No (Interested in becoming a member in the near future)

Member of regional/national/global initiatives


Original vision and practise

Original vision and practise

Description of relevant existing development policies

Panaji City & Environs (surrounding places) were selected by Ministry of New & Renewable Energy to be developed as Solar city.

Current sustainability strategy and/or action plan

As part of Panaji & Environs Solar City report, 10% reduction of energy has been targetted. Out of which 5% of energy would be constituted by Renewable Energy and 5% energy reduction would be achieved by Energy Efficiency activities. The report has been sought from the Ministry. More details on the project/target would be shared later. Also the city is keen to adapt renewable energy.

Description of sustainability policies in the local community

Not available

Case studies

Not available

Relevant past and current projects


  • Replacement of 5000 No. of existing fluorescent lamp by energy efficient lamps at the cost of 300 Lakh INR. 
  • Solid waste management: Introductin door to door waste collection in the entire city. The project was completed in 2011
  • Compulsory segregarion of waste has been introduced in the entire city in the year 2010.



Current review process of existing policies , plans, strategies and activities

Panaji Solar city report discusses in detail about the strategies to be adapted to reduce the energy consumption and emissions in the city. Updates on the future planning/strategies would be provided later.

At a glance

At a glance

% access to electricity

Not available

% access to district heating

Not applicable

% access to district cooling

Not applicable

% served by municipal water system

95% (About 5% of population is served by the 100 public stand posts)

Water consumption per inhabitant

85.8 m³/hab/year

% served by municipal wastewater drainage system


% served by municipal solid waste collection system

Not available

Solid waste generation per inhabitant

309 kg/hab/year

% served by separate waste collection for recycling

Not available

Percentage of population living in informal settlements

Not available

Public transportation modes available

Modal split

Public transportation network coverage of urban area

Not available

Energy profile

Energy profile

Community's final energy consumption by economic sector according to GPC

Not available

Energy consumption per inhabitant

Not available

% of local government operations of community final energy consumption

Not available

Local government operations of final energy consumption by sector of activity according to IEAP

Not available

Community final energy consumption evolution through time

Not available

Further information on energy profile

Not available

For more information on the city's GHG emission reporting, visit their profile on the carbonn Climate Registry.

Energy-efficient street lighting

Following the completion of Panaji’s GHG inventory, and given its growing tourist population, the City has prioritized the City is upgrading to energy-efficient LED lighting for 5,600 street lights, to improve the safety and security of residents and visitors alike.

Solar-powered lighting and LED lighting fittings

The installation of standalone solar-powered lighting and LED lighting fittings for the Panaji Fresh Food Market has helped to cut electricity costs, while reducing emissions and supporting small businesses to attract customers.

Management of solid waste

The City of Panaji has also achieved considerable success in its through the segregation, recycling and processing of waste matter. The city additionally plans to implement integrated solid waste management with a waste-to-energy plant, in order to become a landfill free city.

Greenhouse Gas Inventory

Panaji completed its GHG inventory for 2013 to better assess emissions at both the government and community level, setting a target to increase the city's renewable energy supply five percent by 2020. 

For more information on the city's mitigation action reporting, visit their profile (page 2) on the carbonn Climate Registry.

GCC tracking for Panaji
Step I
Step II
Step III

GreenClimateCities Methodology - Legend

GreenClimateCities Methodology - Panaji

Urban LEDS

Low carbon vision 

Panaji is to be developed as a city that is environmentally and economically sustainable, a city that is a mixture of heritage and modernity, a city that cares for its citizen, a city that cares for its tourist, a city that maintains it culture, a city that provide high quality infrastructure services and facilities, a well managed, clean, green and safe city that provides better present and bright future to its people.

Lessons learned and replication 

The lack of adequate space for waste disposal has forced the city to realize the importance of managing its waste. The City has learned the following lessons along the way:

  • Proper planning and awareness campaigning in Panaji, has enforced segregation of waste into four groups for commercial users as well as door-to-door collection and segregation into two groups for residential users.
  • Support from the federal government has significantly improved the situation in Panaji, following the State’s recognition of Panaji’s waste management as a best practice.
  • Just like in India, countless cities across the globe that are dealing with a growing urban population can learn from Panaji´s experiences.


Pre-existing city policies and strategies (climate and energy)

Panaji Solar city report discusses in detail the strategies, which can be adopted  to reduce the energy consumption and emissions in the city. Updates on the future planning/strategies will be provided later in the process.

Urban-LEDS process / GreenClimateCities methodology implementation

Urban-LEDS MoU with ICLEI (name of document, date)

Memorandum of Understanding, Friday, June 21, 2013