Panaji is the capital of the Indian state of Goa and the headquarters of the North Goa district. The City lies on the banks of the Mandovi River estuary in Tiswadi Taluka. Panaji is one of the most attractive touristic destination in India. Its name means “land that never floods”.
Land area (km2)
Population growth rate
1% (annual growth rate)
% of the city's territory which is urban
Population density (hab / km2)
8004.93 hab/km2 (2011)
Rate of population density change over last decade
Main economic activity
Third sector (Commerce, service sectors (electricity/gas supply, water supply, construction, transportation/storage)
Corporation of the City of Panaji
Official name in English
Corporation of the City of Panaji
Number of municipal employees
285 permanent employees and 402 daily wage employees (2006)
Annual income in USD
44.8 million USD
Annual expenditure in USD
1.96 Million USD (2005)
Mayor or senior elected representative
Municipal Commissioner or senior appointed representative
Subject to the state govt. decision
City vision and mission statement
Panaji is to be developed as a city that is environmentally and economically sustainable, a city that is a mixture of heritage and modernity, a city that cares for its citizen, a city that cares for its tourist, a city that maintains it culture, a city that provide high quality infrastructure services and facilities, a well managed clean, green and safe city that provides better present and bright future to its people.
Urban systems, infrastructures and services managed by the Local Government
Health care facilities, Parks, Public transportation, Roads construction, Water supply, Waste management, Wastewater drainage, Storm water drainage; Building plan approval; Street lighting; Traffic Mgt., fire services; Open spaces; master plan, land use and building bylaws; Slum development; Heritage building conservation
No (Interested in becoming a member in the near future)
Member of regional/national/global initiatives
Original vision and practise
Description of relevant existing development policies
Panaji City & Environs (surrounding places) were selected by Ministry of New & Renewable Energy to be developed as Solar city.
Current sustainability strategy and/or action plan
As part of Panaji & Environs Solar City report, 10% reduction of energy has been targetted. Out of which 5% of energy would be constituted by Renewable Energy and 5% energy reduction would be achieved by Energy Efficiency activities. The report has been sought from the Ministry. More details on the project/target would be shared later. Also the city is keen to adapt renewable energy.
Description of sustainability policies in the local community
Relevant past and current projects
Current review process of existing policies , plans, strategies and activities
Panaji Solar city report discusses in detail about the strategies to be adapted to reduce the energy consumption and emissions in the city. Updates on the future planning/strategies would be provided later.
At a glance
% access to electricity
% access to district heating
% access to district cooling
% served by municipal water system
95% (About 5% of population is served by the 100 public stand posts)
Water consumption per inhabitant
% served by municipal wastewater drainage system
% served by municipal solid waste collection system
Solid waste generation per inhabitant
% served by separate waste collection for recycling
Percentage of population living in informal settlements
Public transportation modes available
Public transportation network coverage of urban area
Community's final energy consumption by economic sector according to GPC
Energy consumption per inhabitant
% of local government operations of community final energy consumption
Local government operations of final energy consumption by sector of activity according to IEAP
Community final energy consumption evolution through time
Further information on energy profile
For more information on the city's GHG emission reporting, visit their profile on the carbonn Climate Registry.
Energy-efficient street lighting
Following the completion of Panaji’s GHG inventory, and given its growing tourist population, the City has prioritized the City is upgrading to energy-efficient LED lighting for 5,600 street lights, to improve the safety and security of residents and visitors alike.
Solar-powered lighting and LED lighting fittings
The installation of standalone solar-powered lighting and LED lighting fittings for the Panaji Fresh Food Market has helped to cut electricity costs, while reducing emissions and supporting small businesses to attract customers.
Management of solid waste
The City of Panaji has also achieved considerable success in its through the segregation, recycling and processing of waste matter. The city additionally plans to implement integrated solid waste management with a waste-to-energy plant, in order to become a landfill free city.
Greenhouse Gas Inventory
Panaji completed its GHG inventory for 2013 to better assess emissions at both the government and community level, setting a target to increase the city's renewable energy supply five percent by 2020.
For more information on the city's mitigation action reporting, visit their profile (page 2) on the carbonn Climate Registry.
GCC tracking for Panaji
GreenClimateCities Methodology - Legend
Low carbon vision
Panaji is to be developed as a city that is environmentally and economically sustainable, a city that is a mixture of heritage and modernity, a city that cares for its citizen, a city that cares for its tourist, a city that maintains it culture, a city that provide high quality infrastructure services and facilities, a well managed, clean, green and safe city that provides better present and bright future to its people.
Lessons learned and replication
The lack of adequate space for waste disposal has forced the city to realize the importance of managing its waste. The City has learned the following lessons along the way:
Pre-existing city policies and strategies (climate and energy)
Panaji Solar city report discusses in detail the strategies, which can be adopted to reduce the energy consumption and emissions in the city. Updates on the future planning/strategies will be provided later in the process.
Urban-LEDS process / GreenClimateCities methodology implementation
Urban-LEDS MoU with ICLEI (name of document, date)
Memorandum of Understanding, Friday, June 21, 2013