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About Gwalior

Gwalior has always been known as a city of valour. This city of enduring greatness was once the seat of reigning Rajputs (Pratiharas, Kachwahas, and Tomars) and then the Marathas who have left behind indelible etchings in the form of palaces, forts, temples, and monuments. The magnificent monuments of a glorious past have been carefully preserved, giving Gwalior a unique and timeless appeal. 

About the City

Land area (km2)

362 km²


1,564,981 (2011)

Population growth rate

1.18% annually

Population density (hab / km2)

2,853 hab/km2

Rate of population density change over last decade



Sub-tropical climate with hot summers



Main economic activity

Third sector (Commerce, service sector (electricity/gas supply, water supply, construction, transportation/storage)

Community type

Mixed community

About the Local Government

Official name

Gwalor Municipal Corporation

Official name in English

Gwalor Municipal Corporation

Number of municipal employees


Annual income in USD

28,112,600 USD

Mayor or senior elected representative

5 Year

Municipal Commissioner or senior appointed representative

Subject to the state govt. decision

City vision and mission statement

To develop Gwalior as economically vibrant, socially equitable and environmentally sustainable Tourismand Educational Hub.




Urban systems, infrastructures and services managed by the Local Government

Health care facilities, Parks, Public transportation, Road maintenance, Water supply, Waste management, Wastewater drainage, Wastewater treatment

ICLEI Membership


Member of regional/national/global initiatives


Original vision and practise

Description of relevant existing development policies

(1) Tourism Policy in 1995 : The policy envisages creation of an environment conducive to attracting increased private investment in the tourism sector and a more meaningful role for the Government

Current sustainability strategy and/or action plan

"(1) MPSIDC informed that an amount of Rs. 30 Crore has been approved by Ministry of Industries, GoI for development of 03 industrial clusters in Gwalior. These industrial clusters will industries producing confectionary, transformers, electrical items, stone cutting industries.

(2) District Industries Centre (DIC) informed that development of SEZ is main issue now in Gwalior but there are some issues with its development. IIDC (AKBN previously) need more than 1000 Ha land. Land is taken from Forest Dept. but we could not give replacement land to Forest Dept. as it is not available as yet so clearance could not be obtained from Environment Ministry.

(3) IT Park Park is being developed by Electronics Development Corporation, land is acquired and Project is sanctioned by Govt.

(4) Presently constructed Stone Park in Hazira has been occupied by very few Stone Cutters because they have to pay premium for land development which is charged @ Rs.40/Sq.Ft. Only 4 to 6 units have occupied the plots. Further, the space allocated is insufficient for machines.                                        

(5) DELHI-MUMBAI INDUSTRIAL CORRIDOR (DMIC) : Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor is a mega infra-structure project of US$ 90 billion with the financial & technical aids from Japan, covering an overall length of 1483 KMs between the political capital and the business capital of India, i.e. Delhi and Mumbai."

Relevant past and current projects

(1) Construction of New Secondary Drains (length 50 Km)

(2) Renovating existing primary and secondary drains (length 10 Km)


At a glance

% access to electricity

Not available

% access to district heating

Not available

% access to district cooling

Not available

% served by municipal water system

145 MLD

Water consumption per inhabitant

Waste Generation: 357 Tons per day (Source: GMC,2009).

% served by municipal solid waste collection system

Waste collection efficiency is 75%

Solid waste generation per inhabitant

Out of the total waste generated, 140 Tons per day is biodegradable waste, 122 Tons per day accounts for Non - Biodegradable and 2.5 Tons per day is composed of medical waste. (Source: Master Plan, Gwalior Development Authority).

% served by separate waste collection for recycling

Not available

% living in informal settlements


Public transportation network coverage of urban area

Not available

Energy profile

Energy consumption per inhabitant

Not available

% of local government operations of community final energy consumption

Not available

Local government operations of final energy consumption by sector of activity according to IEAP

Not available

Community final energy consumption evolution through time

Not available

For more information on the city's GHG emission reporting, visit their profile on the carbonn Climate Registry.

Street Lighting ESCO project  

In 2014 the Gwalior Municipal Corporation initiated its Street Lighting ESCO project as a product of a Public-private partnership. The project is set to install Power Savers throughout the entire street lighting system and reduce energy consumption by 40%. The monthly savings will be distributed between GMC and the ESCO. The project is due to save roughly 3 million Kilowatt-hours of electricity each year, along with 4,000 tonnes of carbon emissions per year.

Scaling up infrastructure for enhanced water and energy efficiency

The revamping of the city's pumping plants with new pump sets, valves, piping, starter, panels, etc. is expected to increase plant output (flow rate) by approximately 15% and reduce energy consumption by 10%. This would reduce 1500 tCO2e carbon emissions annually

Low-carbon transportation

In 2014, the City initiated its city bus service in order to avoid congestion and reduce the use of private vehicles. The project will be implemented as a public-private partnership and will integrate members from various organizations. The primary features of the project include the procurement of 144 minibuses, the renovation of two bus terminals and construction of two bus depots.

Solar City Master Plan

Gwalior is going to be supported by Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) for development as "Solar/Green Cities". The solar city aims at a minimum of a 10% reduction in projected demand of conventional energy at the end of five years, which can be achieved through a combination of energy efficiency measures and enhancing supply from renewable energy sources in the city. The goal of the program is to promote the use of renewable energy in urban areas by providing support to the Municipal Corporations for preparation and implementation of a Road Map to develop their cities as Solar Cities

Greenhouse Gas Inventory

The Gwalior Municipal Corporation completed its greenhouse gas inventory for 2013 and now has a better understanding of where and how emissions can be decreased. In addition, the City committed to increasing its share of renewable energy and energy efficiency by five percent by 2018.

For more information on the city's mitigation action reporting, visit their profile (page 2) on the carbonn Climate Registry.

GCC tracking for Gwalior
Step I
Step II
Step III

GreenClimateCities Methodology - Legend

GreenClimateCities Methodology - Chart

Urban LEDS

Main factors for city selection

The city of Gwalior is the fourth largest city in the Madhya Pradesh State and strategically located. Its proximity to Delhi gave it the status of counter magnet of the national capital region. Gwalior is an industrial and artisan center, which also boasts the best examples of palace architecture from the Hindu period. The city is also famous as an educational center. The city is making great efforts to improve civic services and make it "a clean and green city".



The city is in the process of analyzing data in order to set specific commitments based on factual information from the GHG inventory.


City's main challenges


  • Meet its power demand
  • Air Quality
  • Solid Waste Management