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About Coimbatore

Coimbatore is the second largest city in the State of Tamil Nadu after Chennai, and popularly known as the Manchester of South India, due to its cotton and textile industry. Coimbatore is situated in the western part of the state of Tamil Nadu. 

About the City

Land area (km2)

246.8 km2


930,882 (2007)

Population growth rate


% of the city's territory which is urban


Population density (hab / km2)

3,771 hab/km2

Rate of population density change over last decade

Not available


Tropical wet and dry climate



Main economic activity

Third sector (Commerce, service sectors (electricity/gas supply, water supply, construction, transportation/storage))

Community type


About the Local Government

Official name

Coimabtore City Municipal Corporation  (CCMC)

Official name in English

Coimabtore City Municipal Corporation  (CCMC)

Number of municipal employees


Annual income in USD

44,798,860 USD

Annual expenditure in USD

39,125,901 USD

Mayor or senior elected representative

5 years

Municipal Commissioner or senior appointed representative

Subject to the state govt. decision

City vision and mission statement

"To provide an efficient and cost effective delivery of essential services to the community enabling sustainable urban environment and economic progress, in a framework of managed development and growth. "




Urban systems, infrastructures and services managed by the Local Government

Health care facilities, Parks, Public transportation, Road maintenance, Water supply, Waste management, Wastewater drainage, Wastewater treatment

ICLEI Membership


Member of regional/national/global initiatives


Original vision and practise

Description of relevant existing development policies


  • Pilot projects on door to door solid waste collection and segregation is underway
  • Electricity generation from Municipal Solid Waste is under consideration


Current sustainability strategy and/or action plan


  • Implementation of low hanging action plans suggested in Solar city report, prepared under the direction of Mininstry of New and Renewable Energy
  • Implementation of Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) which necceciates all buildings having an area of 10,000 sq.ft or more will have to adhere to the measures prescribed by the code as a matter of law


Relevant past and current projects


  • Solar Photo Voltaics at Corporation Building - INR 5,00,000 - Completed in 2009
  • Wind-solar PV hybrid -  INR 5,00,000 - Completed year 2010
  • Borewells efficiency improvement project -  Completed in 2011
  • Installation of Solar Street Lights - Completed in 2012
  • Solar Street Light Installtions - Completed in 2012
  • Energy Efficient System in JNNURM Cell - Completed in 2011



At a glance

% access to electricity


% access to district heating

Not applicable

% access to district cooling

Not applicable

% served by municipal water system


Water consumption per inhabitant

74,094 (2013)

% served by municipal wastewater drainage system

90% (2011)

% served by municipal solid waste collection system

80% (2011)

Solid waste generation per inhabitant

290 kg/hab/year (2012)

Public transportation modes available


Modal split

Not available

Public transportation network coverage of urban area

Total road network 635.52 km. The Corporation has a fairly efficient road network covering 8 km/sq.km of the city which it plans to increase to 10 km/sq.km by 2016 and further to 15 km/sq.km by 2026.

Energy profile

Community's final energy consumption by economic sector according to GPC

Not available

Energy consumption per inhabitant

Not available

% of local government operations of community final energy consumption

Not available

Local government operations of final energy consumption by sector of activity according to IEAP

Not available

Community final energy consumption evolution through time

Not available

Further information on energy profile

Not available

For more information on the city's GHG emission reporting, visit their profile on the carbonn Climate Registry.

Scaling up renewable energy (RE) 

Throughout the Urban-LEDS project, the City is has achieved the installation of solar photovoltaic (PV) panels and light-emitting diode (LED) lighting in municipal buildings and offices. This includes the installation of a 3.5 Kilowatt Peak (kWp) capacity wind-solar hybrid RE system at the new Coimbatore bus terminal, and solar powered street lighting with automatic dimming during off-peak hours.

Community-centered RE deployment

Coimbatore is realizing a secure and sustainable renewable energy supply via solar water heater (SWH) system requirements across the residential, commercial and institutional sectors, solar-powered cook stoves in schools, along with the development of a local renewable energy model network project for communities.

Resource-efficient lighting

Within 2013, 380 nos. of LED lights were replaced in the Corporation's main office. 180 nos of 18 Watts of LED and 200 nos of 8 Watt LED have been replaced in place of Fluorescent Tube Light (FTL) fittings. This has helped to secure a safe and resilient energy supply, while increasing access to energy.

Resource-efficient dining

The installation of 6 Kilowatt solar energy systems and bio-gas plants in the municipality´s Amma restaurants, along with the adoption of the SUNYA – Towards Zero Waste in South Asia policy, have propelled the city a step further in the realization of low-carbon goals.

Completion of Coimbatore's Greenhouse Gas Inventory

Coimbatore completed its baseline GHG inventory to gain a better understanding of where and how emissions can be decreased. In addition, the City set commitments for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency, to achieve a 5% increase by 2020 based on 2008 levels, respectively.


For more information on the city's mitigation action reporting, visit their profile (page 2) on the carbonn Climate Registry.

GCC tracking for Coimbatore
Step I
Step II
Step III

GreenClimateCities Methodology - Legend

GreenClimateCities Methodology - Chart

Urban LEDS

Main factors for city selection

The city's willingness to take forward their low carbon development vision and its specific targets and commitments under the Solar City campaign are both arguments that resulted in the selection of Coimbatore as an Urban-LEDS satellite city. 

Low carbon vision 

Coimbatore City's vision is to provide an efficient and cost effective delivery of essential services to the community enabling sustainable urban environment and economic progress, in a framework of managed development and growth. 


In 2012, under the Solar City campaign, Coimbatore committed to a minimum reduction of 10% in its projected demand of conventional energy within five years, through a combination of enhancing supply from renewable energy sources and energy efficiency. 

City’s main challenges

Upon joining the Urban-LEDS project as a Satellite City, the City of Coimbatore identified traffic and solid waste management as the main areas of challenge for the future of its Low Emission Development. 

Main LED priorities of the city /city´s aspirations

  • Increasing the use of renewable sources of energy, especially solar energy, biogas and waste to energy projects
  • Increase energy efficiency

Lessons learned and replication 

The interventions outlined by Coimbatore City Council have contributed to the achievement of energy reductions, while learning the following lessons:

  • Awareness programs inspire local residents to replicate these energy efficient measures in their own homes. As such, the City now hopes that the heightened awareness about energy efficiency and renewable energy will allow it to set even higher emissions reduction targets.
  • The vertical integration of urban climate guidelines and clean technologies at the state and city level has benefited both parties, along with the planet.


Pre-existing city policies and strategies (climate and energy)

Prior to becoming an Urban-LEDS Satellite City, Coimbatore was involved in a number of policies and strategies in the field of climate and energy, including: 


  • Pilot projects on door-to-door solid waste collection and solid waste segregation (ongoing)
  • Waste-to-energy strategy to generate electricity from the Municipal Solid Waste facility (under consideration)



Urban-LEDS process / GreenClimateCities methodology implementation

Local Government department responsible for Urban-LEDS activities and implementation

All the concerned department (Water Supply, electrical, SWM, Transportation, Pollution Control, sewerage etc.) existing within the TMC will implement the Urban LEDS activities and action plans as relevant to their departments activities. However, the Electrical department will assist during any stage of project implementation as the needs arises.