Coimbatore is the second largest city in the State of Tamil Nadu after Chennai, and popularly known as the Manchester of South India, due to its cotton and textile industry. Coimbatore is situated in the western part of the state of Tamil Nadu.
Land area (km2)
Population growth rate
% of the city's territory which is urban
Population density (hab / km2)
Rate of population density change over last decade
Tropical wet and dry climate
Main economic activity
Third sector (Commerce, service sectors (electricity/gas supply, water supply, construction, transportation/storage))
Coimabtore City Municipal Corporation (CCMC)
Official name in English
Coimabtore City Municipal Corporation (CCMC)
Number of municipal employees
Annual income in USD
Annual expenditure in USD
Mayor or senior elected representative
Municipal Commissioner or senior appointed representative
Subject to the state govt. decision
City vision and mission statement
"To provide an efficient and cost effective delivery of essential services to the community enabling sustainable urban environment and economic progress, in a framework of managed development and growth. "
Urban systems, infrastructures and services managed by the Local Government
Health care facilities, Parks, Public transportation, Road maintenance, Water supply, Waste management, Wastewater drainage, Wastewater treatment
Member of regional/national/global initiatives
Description of relevant existing development policies
Current sustainability strategy and/or action plan
Relevant past and current projects
% access to electricity
% access to district heating
% access to district cooling
% served by municipal water system
Water consumption per inhabitant
% served by municipal wastewater drainage system
% served by municipal solid waste collection system
Solid waste generation per inhabitant
290 kg/hab/year (2012)
Public transportation modes available
Public transportation network coverage of urban area
Total road network 635.52 km. The Corporation has a fairly efficient road network covering 8 km/sq.km of the city which it plans to increase to 10 km/sq.km by 2016 and further to 15 km/sq.km by 2026.
Community's final energy consumption by economic sector according to GPC
Energy consumption per inhabitant
% of local government operations of community final energy consumption
Local government operations of final energy consumption by sector of activity according to IEAP
Community final energy consumption evolution through time
Further information on energy profile
For more information on the city's GHG emission reporting, visit their profile on the carbonn Climate Registry.
Scaling up renewable energy (RE)
Throughout the Urban-LEDS project, the City is has achieved the installation of solar photovoltaic (PV) panels and light-emitting diode (LED) lighting in municipal buildings and offices. This includes the installation of a 3.5 Kilowatt Peak (kWp) capacity wind-solar hybrid RE system at the new Coimbatore bus terminal, and solar powered street lighting with automatic dimming during off-peak hours.
Community-centered RE deployment
Coimbatore is realizing a secure and sustainable renewable energy supply via solar water heater (SWH) system requirements across the residential, commercial and institutional sectors, solar-powered cook stoves in schools, along with the development of a local renewable energy model network project for communities.
Within 2013, 380 nos. of LED lights were replaced in the Corporation's main office. 180 nos of 18 Watts of LED and 200 nos of 8 Watt LED have been replaced in place of Fluorescent Tube Light (FTL) fittings. This has helped to secure a safe and resilient energy supply, while increasing access to energy.
The installation of 6 Kilowatt solar energy systems and bio-gas plants in the municipality´s Amma restaurants, along with the adoption of the SUNYA – Towards Zero Waste in South Asia policy, have propelled the city a step further in the realization of low-carbon goals.
Completion of Coimbatore's Greenhouse Gas Inventory
Coimbatore completed its baseline GHG inventory to gain a better understanding of where and how emissions can be decreased. In addition, the City set commitments for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency, to achieve a 5% increase by 2020 based on 2008 levels, respectively.
For more information on the city's mitigation action reporting, visit their profile (page 2) on the carbonn Climate Registry.
GCC tracking for Coimbatore
GreenClimateCities Methodology - Legend
Main factors for city selection
The city's willingness to take forward their low carbon development vision and its specific targets and commitments under the Solar City campaign are both arguments that resulted in the selection of Coimbatore as an Urban-LEDS satellite city.
Low carbon vision
Coimbatore City's vision is to provide an efficient and cost effective delivery of essential services to the community enabling sustainable urban environment and economic progress, in a framework of managed development and growth.
In 2012, under the Solar City campaign, Coimbatore committed to a minimum reduction of 10% in its projected demand of conventional energy within five years, through a combination of enhancing supply from renewable energy sources and energy efficiency.
City’s main challenges
Upon joining the Urban-LEDS project as a Satellite City, the City of Coimbatore identified traffic and solid waste management as the main areas of challenge for the future of its Low Emission Development.
Main LED priorities of the city /city´s aspirations
Lessons learned and replication
The interventions outlined by Coimbatore City Council have contributed to the achievement of energy reductions, while learning the following lessons:
Pre-existing city policies and strategies (climate and energy)
Prior to becoming an Urban-LEDS Satellite City, Coimbatore was involved in a number of policies and strategies in the field of climate and energy, including:
Urban-LEDS process / GreenClimateCities methodology implementation
Local Government department responsible for Urban-LEDS activities and implementation
All the concerned department (Water Supply, electrical, SWM, Transportation, Pollution Control, sewerage etc.) existing within the TMC will implement the Urban LEDS activities and action plans as relevant to their departments activities. However, the Electrical department will assist during any stage of project implementation as the needs arises.