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About Rajkot

Rajkot is the fourth largest city in the state of Gujarat, India, after Ahmedabad, Surat, and Vadodara. The city contains the administrative headquarters of the Rajkot District, 245 km from the state capital Gandhinagar, and is located on the banks of the Aji and Nyari Rivers. Rajkot is the 35th largest urban agglomeration in India and  22nd fastest-growing city in the world. 

About the City

Land area (km2)

104.86 km2 (2013)

Population

1,286,995 (2011)

Population growth rate

2.50%

% of the city's territory which is urban

77%

Population density (hab / km2)

12,289

Rate of population density change over last decade

28.59%

Climate

Tropical and subtropical steppe

Geography

Drylands

Main economic activity

Secondary sector (Industry, manufacturing, metalworking industry, vehicles, electrical equipment, chemicals, food)

Community type

City

About the Local Government

Official name

Rajkot Mahanagarpalika

Official name in English

Rajkot Municipal Corporation (RMC)

Number of municipal employees

5000 (Approx.)

Annual income in USD

308,512,502 USD

Annual expenditure in USD

327,320,769 USD

Balance

18,808,266

Mayor or senior elected representative

2.5 years

Municipal Commissioner or senior appointed representative

Subject to State Govt. decision

City vision and mission statement

Not available

Website

http://www.rmc.gov.in/

Urban systems, infrastructures and services managed by the Local Government

Health care facilities, Parks, Public transportation, Roads construction, Road maintenance, Schools, Water supply, Waste management, Wastewater drainage, Wastewater treatment

ICLEI Membership

Yes

Member of regional/national/global initiatives

Durban Adaptation Charter, Compact of Mayors, Mexico City Pact

Original vision and practise

Description of relevant existing development policies

General Development Control Regulation (Mandatory provision for solar water heating & Rain water harvesting in all new developments)

Current sustainability strategy and/or action plan

Rajkot City has been declared a solar city by the Government of India, and has committed to voluntary targets to reduce 10% of conventional energy of the projected demand of 2013 from 2008 to 2013.

Description of sustainability policies in the local community

Case studies

Enhancing ´Liveability´through Urban Low Emission Development (Coming soon)

Relevant past and current projects

(1) 50 kW Solar grid connect system at RMC East Zone office; (2) 70 kW Solar grid connect system at RMC West Zone office; (3) Two 25 kW Stand alone solar system; (4) 27 Energy saver Units in Street lights; (5) MSW processing plant; (6) Sustainable MSW management practises; (7) Use of technologically advance equipments for SWM; (8) Plantation of more than 25,500 trees; (9) 44.5 MLD STP at Madhapar; (10) Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS)

Current review process of existing policies, plans, strategies and activities

At a glance

% access to electricity

100%

% access to district heating

Not available

% access to district cooling

Not available

% served by municipal water system

89%

Water consumption per inhabitant

106 lpcd

% served by municipal wastewater drainage system

70%

% served by municipal solid waste collection system

100%

Solid waste generation per inhabitant

14180TPD (2013-14)

% of municipal area served by separate waste collection for recycling

80%

% living in informal settlements

14.64%

Public transportation modes available

Bus rapid transit

Public transportation network coverage of urban area

3.53% (2012-13)

Energy profile

Community's final energy consumption by economic sector according to GPC

2015, all values in MJ/year

Residential

6,275,416,983

Commercial

1,533,248,624

Transport

19,322,446,772

Industrial

2,408,692,496

Energy consumption per inhabitant

22,953

% of local government operations of community final energy consumption

0,73% (2015)

Local government operations of final energy consumption by sector of activity according to IEAP

Buildings+Facilities

4,248,000

Water supply

127,980,000

Sewage Treatment Plant

10,670,400

Street Lighting

45,036,000

Fleet

25,462,531

Community final energy consumption evolution through time

Electricity consumption grew at compounded annual growth rate of 5% since 2009-10 to stand at 980 million kWh in 2012-13. Largest electricity consumers- Residential sector (47%), Industrial sector (33%) and Commercial/Institutional sector (20%).

Further information on energy profile

Total GHG emissions from the community: 2,735,428 tCO2e (2012-2013) 

For more information on the city's GHG emission reporting, visit their profile on the carbonn Climate Registry.

Solar energy, waste management, BRT and tree planting

Many actions in Rajkot focus on solar energy. The city has taken various initiatives covering the installation of grid-connected & off -grid rooftop solar photovoltaic (PV) systems on office buildings; energy saving street lighting; a municipal solid waste processing plant and good practices in solid waste management; a Bus Rapid Transit System (BRT) as well as planting trees to increase the city’s green cover, which decreases carbon and has a cooling eff ect for mitigation and adaptation to climate change.

Energy efficiency and sustainable transport options

Some activity highlights that are underway feature a training programme on green building guidelines, sustainable transport initiatives and industrial energy effi ciency. The focus on energy effi ciency includes developing a street lighting policy and conducting an Energy Service Company (ESCO) feasibility study for the implementation of light emitting diode (LED) street lighting. This plan will help identify and define areas based on width of the road, area usage and lighting requirements.

Solar PV systems for schools

Solar photovoltaic systems of 20 kilowatt peak capacity are being installed in one municipal school to provide uninterrupted alternative energy for the school and to also function as an education pilot for the children.

Piloting low-carbon waste water treatment

Potential for decentralized waste water treatment system (DeWATS) for the city is being explored; beginning with a pilot demonstration DeWATS of 100 kilo-litres per day (KLD). The biogas generated by a DeWATS system will substitute the use of liquid petroleum gas. Emissions reduction will result from this substitution and will also offset emissions from electricity use for pumping and treating this sewage at a centralized sewage treatment plant.

Further engagements

  • Reporting in the carbonn Climate Registry (www.carbonn.org)
  • Earth Hour City Challenge participant (2014)
  • GHG inventory is compliant with the Global Protocol on Community-Scale Gas Emissions (GPC)

For more information on the city's GHG emission reporting, visit their profile on the carbonn Climate Registry.

GCC tracking for Rajkot

1.11.21.32.12.22.33.13.23.3
Step I
4.14.24.35.15.25.36.16.26.3
Step II
7.17.27.38.18.28.39.19.29.3
Step III

GreenClimateCities methodology - Legend

GreenClimateCities Methodology - Rajkot

Urban LEDS

Main factors for city selection

  • Rajkot city has shown leadership in developing pilot implementation projects geared towards energy efficiency and renewable energy.
  • The city has developed a Solar City Master Plan and a resource center for promoting renewable energy in the community.
  • Being part of the progressive Gujarat province, which places strong emphasis on renewable energy as part of its energy security strategy, Rajkot also has an official mandate to further such initiatives.
  • The city has experience and some capacity in developing fast track initiatives in the climate change arena.

Low carbon vision 

Under the aegis of the Gujarat State’s “100-day-Target for Progressive Gujarat” campaign, Rajkot Municipal Corporation has launched the “Smart City” Programme, addressing the development of a low carbon economy. This includes raising awareness among citizens for the vision of Rajkot Municipal Corporation for what a “Smart City Rajkot” is. SMART has been defi ned by the Municipal Corporation with the following: “S” stands for Sensitive: The system and city will become sensitive for everybody. “M” means Modern: With people to get access to all modern facilities. “A” is for Aff ordable, where everyone can get aff ordable housing, health care, education, transportation and access to all basic facilities. “R” for Robust relates to infrastructure facilities that will be strengthened. “T” stands for Technology, with operations and services of the Municipal Corporation serving people with better planning by usage of technology.

 

  • Final energy consumption in the community: 31,906,427 GJ (2012-2013)
  • GHG emissions from the community: 2,735,428 tCO2e (2012-2013)
  • CO2 reduction target (community): 14% by 2016 (2011)
  • Main economic activity: Oil Engine & Machine Tools, Foundry Industry, Engineering and Automobile Industries, Castor Oil Industries
  • Main priority sectors for Low Emission Urban Development: Street Lighting, Sewage, Water Supply 

 

Commitments

 

  • Solar City Master Plan (2012): Rajkot City has been declared a solar city by the Government of India, and has committed to voluntary targets to reduce 10% of conventional energy of the projected demand of 2013 from 2008 to 2013.
  • Rajkot has committed to completing the GreenClimateCities methodology
  • Mexico City Pact
  • Durban Adaptation Charter
  • Compact of Mayors

 

 

City’s main challenges

 

  • Water Supply
  • Public Trasportation
  • Housing for the poor
  • Limited resources for project implementation.
  • Find ways to link to established processes and capacity within the Municipal Corporation to integrate climate priorities in traditional city planning and development. Identification of appropriate financing mechanisms for large scale roll out of RE/EE actions.
  • Rajkot has seen a 28% increase in population over the last decade with the residential sector accounting for 52.5% of land use, an increase from 40% over the last decade.

 

Main LED priorities of the city /city´s aspirations

 

  • Street Lighting
  • Sewage treatment through a Decentralized Treatment Systems for wastewater
  • Bio-composting of organic waste
  • The local government wants to promote non-motorized transport initiatives, related infrastructure and encourage public transportation to ensure low emission urban development.
  • Comprehensive roll out of the Solar City Master Plan for Rajkot.
  • Integrating climate priorities in traditional city planning and development. 

 

Lessons learned and replication

  • Pilot projects are valuable starting points to scale up LED action.
  • Vertical integration enabled Rajkot to reach ambitious Urban-LEDS achievements. A strong backbone of national and state-level support has enabled Rajkot to attain its status as a national Solar City.