Thane, which is included in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, is one of the most urbanized districts in the Maharashtra state of India. In fact, 70% of the district’s population lives in an urban area. The city, also known as the City of Lakes, has been marked by a rapid demographic growth.
Land area (km2)
Population growth rate
% of the city's territory which is urban
Population density (hab / km2)
Rate of population density change over last decade
Tropical Monsoon climate, Humid (61-86%), Avg. rainfall: 2000- 2500mm
Main economic activity
Secondary (Industry, manufacturing, metalworking industry, vehicles, electrical equipment, chemicals, food)
Mixed community of all economic groups
Official name in English
Thane Municipal Corporation
Number of municipal employees
Annual income in USD
246,185,092 USD (2013-14)
Annual expenditure in USD
264,405,785 USD (2013-14)
Mayor or senior elected representative
5 years (Present term 2012 -2017)
Municipal Commissioner or senior appointed representative
Depends on State Government's decision
City vision and mission statement
"IMAGINE AHEAD – PLAN BACKWARDS" - City aims to improve the overall economic efficiency, employment generation and promotion of services. It seeks to exploit the thrust areas and the growth engines of the city thereby to increase domestic and foreign investment in the city. This also aims in enhancing the cities ability to compete in present scenario of globalization"
Urban systems, infrastructures and services managed by the Local Government
Health care facilities, Parks, Public transportation, Roads construction, Road maintenance, Schools, Water supply, Waste management, Wastewater drainage, Wastewater treatment, Disaster management, Fire brigade, Pollution control
Member of regional/national/global initiatives
Description of relevant existing development policies
Development Control Rule, Costal Regulation Zone Rules
Current sustainability strategy and/or action plan
Thane City Energy & Carbon Emission report, Development of Thane solar City
Description of sustainability policies in the local community
1. Solar Water Heater (SWH) installation mandatory for new buildings and 10% rebate in property tax upon installation of SWH
2. Upto 50% waste segregation: 3% rebate in property and more than 50% than 5% rebate
3. INR 5000 to 25000 fine/penality for spreading dust nuisance in the city thorgh various city level developmental activities by Govt agencies as well private builders and developers. Any activities that lead to dust pollution needs to be reduced during implementation phase and also ensure that after the project is completed it should not cause further dust pollution
Advancing a low emissions city: The roles and responsibilities of stakeholders (Coming soon)
Relevant past and current projects
Street lighting - Energy Efficiency
Energy Efficient Municipal Buildings
Energy Efficient & CFC free air conditioning
Water Supply - Energy Efficiency
Waste to Energy
Amendments in Building Bye-Laws
City Climate protection policy
EE & RE measures at City level
Current review process of existing policies , plans, strategies and activities
Pioneering India’s Solar Cities Program (2012)
% access to electricity
% access to district heating
% access to district cooling
% served by municipal water system
Water consumption per inhabitant
91.62 (Supply : 251 LPCD) for 2011
% served by municipal wastewater drainage system
40% (CDP 2003)
% served by municipal solid waste collection system
Solid waste generation per inhabitant
130.43 (Generation: 650 Metric tons per day)
% of municipal area served by separate waste collection for recycling
% living in informal settlements
Public transportation modes available
Public transportation network coverage of urban area
Community's final energy consumption by economic sector according to GPC
Energy consumption per inhabitant
% of local government operations of community final energy consumption
Local government operations of final energy consumption by sector of activity according to IEAP
Sewage Treatment Plant
Community final energy consumption evolution through time
Electricity consumption grew at compounded annual growth rate of 5% since 2008-09 to stand at 1662 million kWh in 2012-13. Largest electricity consumers- Residential sector (50%), Industrial sector (21%) and Commercial/Institutional sector (29%).
Further information on energy profile
Development of Thane Solar City 2010 - www.thanecity.gov.in/downloads.php
Total GHG emissions from the community: 1,252,120 tCO2e (2007-2008)
For more information on the city's GHG emission reporting, visit their profile on the carbonn Climate Registry.
Energy-efficient street lighting
Recently the city completed its fi rst GHG inventory. In addition to this, an energy service company (ESCO) has been engaged to audit 10,000 of the 70,000 street lights in Thane and outline financial plans for implementation. This mitigation activity will improve illumination levels, large-scale energy efficiency and system modernization for better operation and maintenance of street lighting, reducing costs of the local government.
Green building policy and municipal drivers training
Some other highlights of a few ongoing activities are: the development of a local green building policy. To support this, a background study and data collection have been conducted. An existing building approval process has been documented to support this work. Moreover, a municipal driver training program is currently under development – training drivers of the municipal transport system on good driving practice to optimize fuel effi ciency and consequently reduce emissions. The training will be provided by the Petroleum Conservation and Research Association.
WWF Earth Hour City Challenge (EHCC) 2014-2015 National Capital Winner
Thane was selected as the EHCC National Capital of India due to its ambitious community commitments for renewable energy and energy efficiency, aiming for a six percent increase in Renewable Energy and seven percent increase in Energy Efficiency between 2010 - 2015. The jury was additionally impressed by the City's strong focus on reducing emissions from buildings and curbing traffic congestion.
Low Emission Measures in Thane Municipal School
15 kW peak grid interactive roof top SPV LED tube light, energy efficient 35 watt fan Smart meter, smart sensors and PF correction Panel
Climate Change Low Carbon Practices Awareness Program
A climate change and low carbon practices awareness program is implemented in 15-20 schools in Thane.
For more information on the city's mitigation action reporting, visit their profile (page 2) on the carbonn Climate Registry.
GCC tracking for Thane
GreenClimateCities methodology - Legend
Main factors for city selection
Low carbon vision
Moving towards a low carbon economy by exploring various innovative technological solutions and integrating them into city level activities to ensure the better delivery of services to the citizens of Thane city.
Participating in the national “Development of solar cities program”, the city is committed to reduce projected conventional energy demand by 10% by 2013 in the period 2008-2013. In addition, the local government set a renewable energy target of 6% reduction by 2015 (from 2011) for community-based emissions and the energy effi ciency target of 7% by 2015 (from 2010) for the community.
City’s main challenges
Main LED priorities of the city /city´s aspirations
Lessons learned and replication
Pre-existing city policies and strategies (climate and energy)
Public announcements & commitments to low emission development (name of documents, links, dates)
Policy for promotion of renewable energy: General Body resolution to mandate the use of solar assisted water heating system within TMC jurisdiction includes:
Policy to encourage segregation of solid waste (any body who generates waste such as individual houses, society, hotels, malls, marriage halls, apartment, business, etc.) and to promote TMC's 3R (reduce, reuse and recycle) concept for solid waste management (Date: 2012-13):
Policy on Dust pollution Control: This policy has been approved in the year 2011 by the General Body (city council). Under this policy, a penality/fine will be imposed on builders and developers, various Govt. organizations and others for not taking measures to reduce the dust pollution during the construction/project implementation phase as well after completion of the projects.
Description and possible links to Urban-LEDS
Urban-LEDS process / GreenClimateCities methodology implementation
Local Government department responsible for Urban-LEDS activities and implementation
All the concerned department (Water Supply, electrical, SWM, Transportation, Pollution Control, sewerage etc.) existing within the TMC will implement the Urban LEDS activities and action plans as relevant to their departments activities. However, the Electrical department will assit during any stage of project implementation as the needs arises.