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About Tarakan

About the City

Land area (km2)


Population growth rate

Percentage of the city's territory which is urban

Population density (hab / km2)

Rate of population density change over last decade



Main economic activity

Community type

About the Local Government

Official name

Official name in English

Number of municipal employees

Annual income in USD

Annual expenditure in USD

Mayor or senior elected representative

Municipal Commissioner or senior appointed representative

City vision and mission statement


Urban systems, infrastructures and services managed by the Local Government

ICLEI Membership

Member of regional/national/global initiatives

Sustainability journey to date

Description of relevant existing development policies

Current sustainability strategy and/or action plan

Description of sustainability policies in the local community

Case studies

Relevant past and current projects


Current review process of existing policies , plans, strategies and activities

At a glance

% with access to electricity

% with access to district heating

% with access to district cooling

% served by municipal water system

Water consumption per inhabitant

% served by municipal wastewater drainage system

% served by municipal solid waste collection system

Solid waste generation per inhabitant

% of municipal area served by separate waste collection for recycling

% living in informal settlements

Public transportation modes available

Modal split

Public transportation network coverage of urban area

Energy profile

Community's final energy consumption by economic sector according to GPC

Energy consumption per inhabitant

Percentage of local government operations of community final energy consumption

Local government operations of final energy consumption by sector of activity according to IEAP

Community final energy consumption evolution through time

Further information on energy profile

School Environmental Saving Program launched in 7 pilot project schools

Since becoming an Urban-LEDS Satellite City, the municipal government of Tarakan has established a program to encourage the recycling of solid waste in schools. At the launch in 2012, 7 pilot project schools were concerned for a total target of 104 schools on the Sadau Island. 

Protection of the city's ecosystem via adaptation and mitigation

The island of Tarakan, in the region of Kalimantan in northern Borneo, is home to the Mangrove and Bekantan Conservation Area (KKMB) - the only mangrove forest located in the center of an Indonesian city. The mangroves sequester sizable amounts of CO2 from the atmosphere. For these reasons, the local government has recently extended the conservation area to 22 hectares, thereby expanding Tarakan’s crucial green lung.

GCC tracking for Tarakan
Step I
Step II
Step III

GreenClimateCities Methodology - Legend

GreenClimateCities Methodology - Tarakan

Urban LEDS

Lessons learned and replication

Despite the establishment of laws and policies to protect the Mangrove and Bekantan Conservation Area from the exploitation of its natural resources, many have not been enforced. In recent years, the local government has worked hard to implement more stringent regulations to enhance the protection of the city’s green lung, including regulating the disposal of untreated industrial wastewater into the area, along with preservation-oriented policies ranging from Spatial Planning (Law No. 26, 2009), Forestry (Law No. 41, 1999), Conservation (Law No. 32, 1990) and the Environment (Law No. 32, 2009).