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About Bontang

About the City

Land area (km2)


Population growth rate

Percentage of the city's territory which is urban

Population density (hab / km2)

Rate of population density change over last decade



Main economic activity

Community type

About the Local Government

Official name

Official name in English

Number of municipal employees

Annual income in USD

Annual expenditure in USD

Mayor or senior elected representative

Municipal Commissioner or senior appointed representative

City vision and mission statement




Urban systems, infrastructures and services managed by the Local Government

ICLEI Membership

Member of regional/national/global initiatives

Original vision and practice

Description of relevant existing development policies

Current sustainability strategy and/or action plan


Description of sustainability policies in the local community

Case studies

Relevant past and current projects



Current review process of existing policies , plans, strategies and activities

At a glance

% with access to electricity

% with access to district heating

% with access to district cooling

% served by municipal water system

Water consumption per inhabitant

% served by municipal wastewater drainage system

% served by municipal solid waste collection system

Solid waste generation per inhabitant

% of municipal area served by separate waste collection for recycling

% living in informal settlements

Public transportation modes available

Modal split

Public transportation network coverage of urban area

Energy profile

Community's final energy consumption by economic sector according to GPC

Energy consumption per inhabitant

Percentage of local government operations of community final energy consumption

Local government operations of final energy consumption by sector of activity according to IEAP

Community final energy consumption evolution through time

Further information on energy profile

GreenClimateCities implementation process

The City of Bontang has successfully held three workshops to kick off the implementation of the GreenClimateCities methodology. In June 2014 a first workshop was held to identify the low carbon vision of the city and identify priority areas, in November 2014 an action plan development workshop was held and in March 2015 a third workshop was organized to start the GHG inventory process of the City of Bontang.

Bontang municipal government built a communcal system of solar power plants

During the period 2013-2014 the municipal government of Bontang built a communal system of solar power plants for communities in in coastal areas and small islands that are not connected to the national electricity grid yet have the potential for the generation of solar energy. The solar power cooperatives have a generating capacity of 15 kilowatt peak (kWp) and are located in five places within the municipality:

  • Melahing Island
  • Selangan Island
  • Tihi-Tihi Island
  • Lok Tunggul Village
  • Gusung Island

GCC tracking for Bontang
Step I
Step II
Step III

GreenClimateCities Methodology - Legend

GreenClimateCities Methodology - Chart

Urban LEDS

Lessons learned and replication 

The Sun provides us with an unlimited source of energy, particularly for countries that are situated close to the equator. Indonesia, for one, has an average daily solar capture of 4.5 to 4.8 kWh/m2 per day. However, many developing countries still lack adequate infrastructure and many urban and rural areas are not serviced with a reliable supply of electricity.

In the case of Bontang, one of the advantages of the communal solar power system is its easy operation and maintenance for all equipment such as solar panels, battery and control room since they are all in one location. The electricity produced by the solar energy system also allows remote communities to enjoy activities at night, schoolchildren to do their homework at home, and households to remain open for business, thereby vastly improving their overall social and economic well-being.