Bogor formerly Buitenzorg is located in a mountainous region 60 kilometers south of Jakarta. Bogor is recognized as an important economic, scientific, cultural and touristic center just outside the Indonesian capital city.
In the early 19th century, the city briefly served as an administrative center under the Dutch East Indies and is now reinventing itself as a tourism and cultural hub with a wealth of historical heritage such as: the presidential palace and one of the oldeest and largest botanical garden in the world botanical garden.
For centuries, Bogor has been nicknamed "the Rain City" because of frequent rain showers, including during its dry season.
Land area (km2)
Population growth rate
% of the city's territory which is urban
Population density (hab / km2)
Rate of population density change over last decade
Equatorial - Climate and geography
Pemerintah Kota Bogor
Official name in English
Bogor City Government
Number of municipal employees
Annual income in USD
USD 163,239 (2011)
Annual expenditure in USD
USD 144,775 (2011)
City vision and mission statement
Vision: "A trade city with produtive human resource and exellent service." Mission: 1. “Economy development that relies on trade service activities.”, 2. “Embody clean city with based on transportation infrastructure.”, 3. “Improving the quality of human resource and community skill.”, 4. “Improving of public services based on community participation”
Urban systems, infrastructures and services managed by the Local Government
Water supply, waste management, sanitation
Member of regional/national/global initiatives
Description of sustainability policies in the local community
Environmental Policy: City Regulation #4/2007 on Environmental Management - This specific Environmental Policy outlines the vision, priorities and commitments of the Bogor LG in implementation of environment protection and management including:
1. Management of water quality,
2. Management of air quality
3. Management of solid waste and hazardous waste.
Integrated Transportation Plan:
In 2003 the city began to substitute fuel with natural gas. Public transportation is using CNG. This program is called the “Blue Sky Program”, and is supported by the Ministry of Environment. This program provided 100 converter kits for private vehicles to convert to CNG.
Energy saving: 8,347 GJ
Cost saving: $50,694
Reduction CO2: 608 TCO2e
Energy Efficiency on Street Lighting: The City Council seeks to reduce electricity bills with long-term and sustainable solutions. Its street light management scheme began operating in late 2001. The scheme consists of substituting 775 mercury lamps to sodium lamps, plus the installation of 400 electric sub meters to measure actual energy use from street lights. In December 2003, there was an estimated 23% reduction in the cost from the baseline in 2000. The City Government hopes this street lamp substitution could contribute 20% of the GHG reduction goals.
Energy saving : 4,278,408 KWh
Cost saving : USD 450,000
Reduction CO2: 3,170 TCO2e
Cost: USD 1.7 Million
Relevant past and current projects
Biodiesel for transpakuan (Mass transportation in Bogor), Recycling
Current review process of existing policies , plans, strategies and activities
Review Medium Term Regional Development Plan and formulation of local budget
% access to electricity
% served by municipal water system
% served by municipal wastewater drainage system
% served by municipal solid waste collection system
Public transportation modes available
Public transportation network coverage of urban area
599.2 kilometers of roads cover 5.31% of the city area; 30.2 kilometers of the roads are of national and 26.8 km of prefectural importance. The 22 transport lines are operated by 3,506 buses and minibuses. In addition, 10 bus routes connect the city with the nearest metropolitan area (4,612 buses) and 40 with other cities of West Java (330 buses).
Energy consumption per inhabitant
% of local government operations of community final energy consumption
Total GHG emissions from the community: 4,970,635 tCO2 (2013) *Scope 1 emissions
For more information on the city's GHG emission reporting, visit their profile on the carbonn Climate Registry.
Bogor City Council approved a budget of 12 million USD for sustainable transport
In 2014, the city council allocated roughly 12 million USD (IDR 147.067 Milyar) to improve sustainable low emission transport in the city. This will support the revitalization of the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system “The Transpakuan” which serves 14 kilometers (km) of the city area. The buses will switch to using gas, as a low emission fuel option. Another objective is the conversion of a huge number of microbuses to either use gas (planned for 1000 microbuses) or electricity (50 microbuses). In order to implement this, the city will provide converter kits or devices to support the conversion of premium fuel to gas as well as to electricity. These actions will not only help the city reduce its emissions considerably, but also lead to better air quality and support the national government’s goal of achieving its emission reduction targets.
Completion of the Mid-Term Development Plan
Following, a unique multi-stakeholder consultation effort, the local government of Bogor reviewed its existing spatial planning frameworks and extensively integrated its Low Emission Development Strategy in its 5-year Mid-Term Development Plan (also known as RPJMD). The RPJMD speaks to Bogor's determination to implement LEDS through strategic action, and includes as objectives:
This has led to: a Green Building Standardization, a Mayoral Decree on Transition to EcoMobility using Pedestrianization, a Mayoral Decree on ‘Heritage City Management’ focusing on building retrofitting, pedestrian areas, conversion of street lighting to light-emitting diodes (LEDs), as well as replacing the traditional light bulbs with LEDs in heritage buildings.
Bogor’s Walkability Campaign
It has already decided to build 22.5 kilometers of pedestrian paths until 2020 with fi rst phases concluded. These paths are equipped with tag tiles, bicycle lines, and green areas and are completely integrated with public transport stations and public places. A park-and-ride system is also planned.
Green Building Concept
Bogor is advancing in adopting the green building concept for buildings to be constructed from 2015 onwards. The local government has allocated funds in the annual budget to build the new House of Representative Building based on Energy Efficiency principles. In addition, a number of historic buildings in a popular heritage area have been identified for retrofitting, to be concluded in the next five years.
The local government is further developing a “waste-to-energy program” that focuses on transferring waste from compost residuals into energy.
Greenhouse gas inventory
For more information on the city's mitigation action reporting, visit their profile (page 2) on the carbonn Climate Registry.
GCC tracking for Bogor
GreenClimateCities methodology - Legend
Main factors for city selection
Low carbon vision
Realize a clean and environmentally sound city based on developing green economy with emphasis on services that optimize the use of existing natural resources.
The local government is in the process of analyzing data to set specifi c commitments based on factual information from the draft GHG inventory. It has already set a renewable energy target for the government operations: 33% reduction by 2014.
City’s main challenges
Main LED priorities of the city /city´s aspirations
Transportation, Energy Efficiency, Waste to Energy, 3R
Lessons learned and replication
Urban-LEDS process / GreenClimateCities methodology implementation
Urban-LEDS MoU with ICLEI
MoU between Bogor City Government & ICLEI SEA (660.32/KK.3-Bapp/2013) (02/04/2013)
General description of process
ICLEI open the oportunity for interest to all local governments in Indonesia, Kota Bogor send their Expression of Interest which showed relevant environment and climate change policy, initiatives, and show a high political commitment to engage in to the Urban LEDS project.
Local Government department responsible for Urban-LEDS activities and implementation
Working Group under BAPPEDA (Regional Development Planning Agency)
Stakeholder groups engaged in Urban-LEDS implementation
NGOs, stakeholder list of city public consultation for Musrembang
When and how were higher levels of government involved?
The Mayor has already give political commitment by signing MoU with ICLEI to agreed on 3 years Urban LEDS program. The entire members of Working Group are high level of official in their agencies.
ICLEI Indonesia Bulletin, March and October 2013 edition, WWF Press Release (http://www.wwf.or.id/berita_fakta/?28780/kota-kota-di-indonesia-memulai-komitmen-pembangunan-kota--rendah-emisi-leds)
What is the time frame for short/mid-term/long-term targets in the City LEDS?
Long-term: 20 years; Medium-term: 5 years; Short term: n/a
Which institutional mechanisms have been put in place to support the implementation of City LEDS?
Working group on climate change mitigation.