Balikpapan is a seaport city on the East coast of Borneo in East Kalimtan, eastablished at the beginning of the 20th century. The city and its surrounding region are rich in resources and internationally known for their timber, mining, and petroleum export production. Balikpapan's two harbors and airport are the main transportation hubs.
Land area (km2)
Population growth rate
% of the city's territory which is urban
Population density (hab / km2)
Rate of population density change over last decade
Tropical Rainforest - Climate and geography
Main economic activity
Trade, Tourism, Industry (Oil, Gas and Coal), Service
Pemerintah Kota Balikpapan
Official name in English
Balikpapan City Gov (Balikpapan_Urban LED Expression of Interest – Signed 15 November 2012)
Number of municipal employees
Annual income in USD
USD 236,459 (2011)
Annual expenditure in USD
USD 199,397 (2011)
Mayor or senior elected representative
5 years (2011-2016)
Municipal Commissioner or senior appointed representative
5 years (2011-2016)
City vision and mission statement
Vision: "Balikpapan as industry city, commerce, services and tourism supported by implementation of good governance and religious civilized progress." Mission: 1. “Increasing competitive human resources with science and technology mastery.” 2. “Develop municipal infrastructure based of service oriented approach.” 3. “Improving the quality of environment based on sustainable development.” 4. “Improving economy development.”
Urban systems, infrastructures and services managed by the Local Government
Water supply, waste management and sanitation
Member of regional/national/global initiatives
Description of relevant existing development policies
"RADGRK Balikpapan (2012), Peraturan Daerah Nomor 20 Tahun 2002 tentang Program Pembangunan Daerah Tahun 2001-2005, Peraturan Daerah Nomor 05 Tahun 2006 tentang Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Kota Balikpapan Tahun 2005-2015"
Current sustainability strategy and/or action plan
Description of sustainability policies in the local community
Environmental Policy: This specific Environmental Policy outlines the vision, priorities and commitments of the Balikpapan LG in implementation of environment protection and management including: 1. Management of water quality, 2. Management of air quality, 3. Management of solid waste and hazardous waste
Waste management in Manggar (2013)
Relevant past and current projects
Waste management in Manggar (2013)
Current review process of existing policies , plans, strategies and activities
Inputs for local budget formulation covering Urban LEDS projects.
% access to electricity
% served by municipal water system
% served by municipal solid waste collection system
Public transportation modes available
Bus (8 public bus routes)
Total energy consumption
Data available for electricity only:
Share of final energy consumption by economic sector
Total GHG emissions from the community: 1,480,438 tCO2e (2013) *Scope 1 emissions
For more information on the city's GHG emission reporting, visit their profile on the carbonn Climate Registry.
First GHG inventory and identifying LEDS activities
Balikpapan is in the stage of finalizing its 1st GHG inventory. The current indicative results show that the highest emission contributor is the transport sector. Further, there is huge potential carbon sink from the city forest and open green spaces. The local government is incorporating LEDS principles and has identified LEDS activities for: Redevelopment of the Coastal Road precinct in accordance with LEDS principles; a range of actions through the private sector Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) committee; building and lighting retrofi t activities; as well as waste management.
The protection and expansion of protected forest area in Balikpapan City will tap into the significant potential of local carbon sequestration from the city’s forest and open green spaces. In addition, the City supports the importance of agro-forestry, offering environmental and forestry education in two schools, the Protected-Forest School and the Mangrove School.
Energy-efficient lighting is a primary LEDS focus in Balikpapan, whether scaling up energy efficient street lighting, or at the facility level through lighting retrofit activities.
Low carbon waste management
A Waste-to-Energy landfill methane capture facility will aid Balikpapan’s waste management, while generating valuable energy resources.
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
The Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Forum is a group of companies in Balikpapan City that have committed to dedicate part of their budget to support social and environmental issues in the city, coordinated directly by the Government of Balikpapan.
WWF Earth Hour City Challenge We Love Cities 2015 Winner
Balikpapan, Indonesia was rewarded with the WWF Earth Hour City Challenge title, “Most Lovable Sustainable City 2015” for having achieved the greatest citizen engagement in the EHCC’s social media campaign WeLoveCities 2015 campaign.
For more information on the city's mitigation action reporting, visit their profile (page 2) on the carbonn Climate Registry.
GCC tracking for Balikpapan
GreenClimateCities methodology - Legend
Main factors for city selection
Having past and on-going environmental initiative and mitigation projects, the availability of comprehensive city climate information.
Low carbon vision
Making Balikpapan City livable and environmentally sound, to be realized based on an orientation towards a green social economy.
The city is in the process of analyzing data to set specifi c commitments based on factual information from the draft GHG inventory.
City’s main challenges
Lack of energy efficiency, environmental impact by extracting industries surrounding the city, lack of urban MRT.
Main LED priorities of the city /city´s aspirations
Lessons learned and replication
Pre-existing city policies and strategies (climate and energy)
Public announcements & commitments to low emission development
RADGRK East Kalimantan (2012),
Peraturan Daerah Nomor 20 Tahun 2002 tentang Program Pembangunan Daerah Tahun 2001-2005,
Peraturan Daerah Nomor 05 Tahun 2006 tentang Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Kota Balikpapan Tahun 2005-2015
Urban-LEDS process / GreenClimateCities methodology implementation
Urban-LEDS MoU with ICLEI
MoU between Balikpapan City Government & ICLEI SEA (04/07/2013)
General description of process
ICLEI open the oportunity for interest to all local governments in Indonesia, Balikpapan send their Expression of Interest which showed relevant environment and climate change policy, initiatives, and show a high political commitment to engage in to the Urban LEDS project.
Local Government department responsible for Urban-LEDS activities and implementation
Working Group under BLH (Environmental Management Agency)
Stakeholder groups engaged in Urban-LEDS implementation
NGOs, stakeholder list of city public consultation for Musrembang, CSR City Forum (Barker Hughes (US), Chevron Texaco (US), Halliburton (US), Pertamina (Indonesia), Schlumberger (France), Thiess (Australia), Total S.A (France) and Weatherford International (US))
When and how were higher levels of government involved?
The Mayor has already give political commitment by signing MoU with ICLEI to agreed on 3 years Urban LEDS program. The entire members of Working Group are high level of official in their agencies.
ICLEI Indonesia Bulletin, March and October 2013 edition, WWF Press Release (http://www.wwf.or.id/berita_fakta/?28780/kota-kota-di-indonesia-memulai-komitmen-pembangunan-kota--rendah-emisi-leds)
media coverage (http://www.metrotvnews.com/metronews/read/2013/10/20/3/189320/Balikpapan-Masuk-Kota-Rendah-Emisi-)
City LEDS quality indicators
Level of integration of City LEDS into new or existing general city development strategies
Level of integration of LEDS in general climate change strategy
What is the time frame for short/mid-term/long-term targets in the City LEDS?
Long-term: 20 years
Medium-term: 5 years
Short term: n/a
Does the City LEDS scope include major urban development projects forseen for the city (e.g. city extensions, major urban infrastructure projects…)?
Which institutional mechanisms have been put in place to support the implementation of City LEDS?
Working group on climate change mitigation.