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About Balikpapan

Balikpapan is a seaport city on the East coast of Borneo in East Kalimtan, eastablished at the beginning of the 20th century. The city and its surrounding region are rich in resources and internationally known for their timber, mining, and petroleum export production. Balikpapan's two harbors and airport are the main transportation hubs. 

About the City

Land area (km2)

503.3 Km2


639,031 (2012)

Population growth rate

7% (2001-2011)

% of the city's territory which is urban


Population density (hab / km2)

1,300 hab/km2

Rate of population density change over last decade

1,300 (hab/km2/year)


Tropical Rainforest - Climate and geography

Main economic activity

Trade, Tourism, Industry (Oil, Gas and Coal), Service 

Community type


About the Local Government

Official name

Pemerintah Kota Balikpapan

Official name in English

Balikpapan City Gov (Balikpapan_Urban LED Expression of Interest – Signed 15 November 2012)

Number of municipal employees

3,791 (2012)

Annual income in USD

USD 236,459 (2011)

Annual expenditure in USD

USD 199,397 (2011)

Mayor or senior elected representative

5 years (2011-2016)

Municipal Commissioner or senior appointed representative

5 years (2011-2016)

City vision and mission statement

Vision: "Balikpapan as industry city, commerce, services and tourism supported by implementation of good governance and religious civilized progress." Mission: 1. “Increasing competitive human resources with science and technology mastery.” 2. “Develop municipal infrastructure based of service oriented approach.” 3.  “Improving the quality of environment based on sustainable development.” 4. “Improving economy development.”





Urban systems, infrastructures and services managed by the Local Government

Water supply, waste management and sanitation

ICLEI Membership


Member of regional/national/global initiatives


Original vision and practice

Description of relevant existing development policies

"RADGRK Balikpapan (2012), Peraturan Daerah Nomor 20 Tahun 2002 tentang Program Pembangunan Daerah Tahun 2001-2005, Peraturan Daerah Nomor 05 Tahun 2006 tentang Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Kota Balikpapan Tahun 2005-2015"

Current sustainability strategy and/or action plan


Description of sustainability policies in the local community

Environmental Policy: This specific Environmental Policy outlines the vision, priorities and commitments of the Balikpapan LG in implementation of environment protection and management including: 1. Management of water quality, 2. Management of air quality, 3. Management of solid waste and hazardous waste

Case studies

Waste management in Manggar (2013)

Relevant past and current projects

Waste management in Manggar (2013)

Current review process of existing policies , plans, strategies and activities

Inputs for local budget formulation covering Urban LEDS projects.

At a glance

% access to electricity


% served by municipal water system


% served by municipal solid waste collection system


Public transportation modes available

Bus (8 public bus routes)

Energy profile

Total energy consumption 

Data available for electricity only: 
2,277,217 MWh (2011)

Share of final energy consumption by economic sector 

59% Household
24% Commercial
20% General
7% Industry

Total GHG emissions from the community: 1,480,438 tCO2e (2013) *Scope 1 emissions

For more information on the city's GHG emission reporting, visit their profile on the carbonn Climate Registry.

First GHG inventory and identifying LEDS activities

Balikpapan is in the stage of finalizing its 1st GHG inventory. The current indicative results show that the highest emission contributor is the transport sector. Further, there is huge potential carbon sink from the city forest and open green spaces. The local government is incorporating LEDS principles and has identified LEDS activities for: Redevelopment of the Coastal Road precinct in accordance with LEDS principles; a range of actions through the private sector Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) committee; building and lighting retrofi t activities; as well as waste management.

Carbon sinks 

The protection and expansion of protected forest area in Balikpapan City will tap into the significant potential of local carbon sequestration from the city’s forest and open green spaces. In addition, the City supports the importance of agro-forestry, offering environmental and forestry education in two schools, the Protected-Forest School and the Mangrove School.

Energy-Efficient Lighting

Energy-efficient lighting is a primary LEDS focus in Balikpapan, whether scaling up energy efficient street lighting, or at the facility level through lighting retrofit activities.

Low carbon waste management 

A Waste-to-Energy landfill methane capture facility will aid Balikpapan’s waste management, while generating valuable energy resources.

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) 

The Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Forum is a group of companies in Balikpapan City that have committed to dedicate part of their budget to support social and environmental issues in the city, coordinated directly by the Government of Balikpapan.

WWF Earth Hour City Challenge We Love Cities 2015 Winner

Balikpapan, Indonesia was rewarded with the WWF Earth Hour City Challenge title, “Most Lovable Sustainable City 2015” for having achieved the greatest citizen engagement in the EHCC’s social media campaign WeLoveCities 2015 campaign.

Further engagements

  • Reporting in the carbonn Climate Registry (www.carbonn.org)
  • Earth Hour City Challenge participant (2014 - 2015)
  • GHG inventory is compliant with the Global Protocol on Community-Scale Gas Emissions (GPC)

For more information on the city's mitigation action reporting, visit their profile (page 2) on the carbonn Climate Registry.

GCC tracking for Balikpapan
Step I
Step II
Step III

GreenClimateCities methodology - Legend

GreenClimateCities Methodology - Balikpapan

Urban LEDS

Main factors for city selection

Having past and on-going environmental initiative and mitigation projects, the availability of comprehensive city climate information.

  • A seaport city on the east coast of the island of Borneo, and second largest city in East Kalimantan.
  • Well positioned to act as role model for other Kalimantan cities.
  • Strong leadership from Mayor and department heads, which should provide continuity during mayoral election period this year.
  • Significant port, airport, oil refineries and industry.

Low carbon vision 

Making Balikpapan City livable and environmentally sound, to be realized based on an orientation towards a green social economy.


  • Final energy consumption in the community: 1,321,557 GJ (2011)
  • GHG emissions from the community: 1,480,438 tCO2e (2013) *Scope 1 emissions
  • Main economic activity: Trade and Services.



The city is in the process of analyzing data to set specifi c commitments based on factual information from the draft GHG inventory.


City’s main challenges

Lack of energy efficiency, environmental impact by extracting industries surrounding the city, lack of urban MRT.

  • Rapid population growth.
  • Pre-existing “dirty” industries.


Main LED priorities of the city /city´s aspirations


  • Industrial Chemical Waste and Utilization, Waste Management, Transportation, Green Building
  • Emissions reductions from its major industries and transport hubs.
  • To be a role model city leading in green infrastructure and high quality of life for its residents and businesses

Lessons learned and replication 

  • Community and education-based Forest conservation programs. In order to preserve its forestry area, Balikpapan developed some eco-based schools with specific additional environment curriculum.
  • CSR Forum for sustainability. As the headquarters for various large scale industries, Balikpapan invites local companies to a CSR Forum, demanding them to give back to the community in the form of social and environmental programs that support sustainable development.

Pre-existing city policies and strategies (climate and energy)

Public announcements & commitments to low emission development

RADGRK East Kalimantan (2012),

Peraturan Daerah Nomor 20 Tahun 2002 tentang Program Pembangunan Daerah Tahun 2001-2005,

Peraturan Daerah Nomor 05 Tahun 2006 tentang Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Kota Balikpapan Tahun 2005-2015

Urban-LEDS process / GreenClimateCities methodology implementation

Urban-LEDS MoU with ICLEI

MoU between Balikpapan City Government & ICLEI SEA (04/07/2013)

General description of process

ICLEI open the oportunity for interest to all local governments in Indonesia, Balikpapan send their Expression of Interest which showed relevant environment and climate change policy, initiatives, and show a high political commitment to engage in to the Urban LEDS project.

Local Government department responsible for Urban-LEDS activities and implementation

Working Group under BLH (Environmental Management Agency)

Stakeholder groups engaged in Urban-LEDS implementation

NGOs, stakeholder list of city public consultation for Musrembang, CSR City Forum (Barker Hughes (US), Chevron Texaco (US), Halliburton (US), Pertamina (Indonesia), Schlumberger (France), Thiess (Australia), Total S.A (France) and Weatherford International (US))

When and how were higher levels of government involved?

The Mayor has already give political commitment by signing MoU with ICLEI to agreed on 3 years Urban LEDS program. The entire members of Working Group are high level of official in their agencies.


ICLEI Indonesia Bulletin, March and October 2013 edition, WWF Press Release (http://www.wwf.or.id/berita_fakta/?28780/kota-kota-di-indonesia-memulai-komitmen-pembangunan-kota--rendah-emisi-leds)

media coverage (http://www.metrotvnews.com/metronews/read/2013/10/20/3/189320/Balikpapan-Masuk-Kota-Rendah-Emisi-)

 City LEDS quality indicators

Level of integration of City LEDS into new or existing general city development strategies


Level of integration of LEDS in general climate change strategy


What is the time frame for short/mid-term/long-term targets in the City LEDS?

Long-term: 20 years

Medium-term: 5 years

Short term: n/a

Does the City LEDS scope include major urban development projects forseen for the city (e.g. city extensions, major urban infrastructure projects…)?


Which institutional mechanisms have been put in place to support the implementation of City LEDS?

Working group on climate change mitigation.