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About Belo Horizonte

About the City

Land area (km2)



2.375.151 (2010)

Population growth rate

Percentage of the city's territory which is urban

Population density (hab / km2)

Rate of population density change over last decade




Main economic activity

Community type

City municipality

About the Local Government

Official name

Prefeitura de Belo Horizonte

Official name in English

Municipality of Belo Horizonte

Number of municipal employees

Annual income in USD

Annual expenditure in USD

Mayor or senior elected representative

Marcio Lacerda (Mayor)

Municipal Commissioner or senior appointed representative

City vision and mission statement

To decrease CO2 emission by 20% by 2030.



Urban systems, infrastructures and services managed by the Local Government

ICLEI Membership


Member of regional/national/global initiatives

Original vision and practise

Description of relevant existing development policies

Current sustainability strategy and/or action plan


Description of sustainability policies in the local community

Case studies

Relevant past and current projects



Current review process of existing policies, plans, strategies and activities

At a glance

% with access to electricity

% with access to district heating

% with access to district cooling

% served by municipal water system

Water consumption per inhabitant

% served by municipal wastewater drainage system

% served by municipal solid waste collection system

Solid waste generation per inhabitant

% of municipal area served by separate waste collection for recycling

% living in informal settlements

Public transportation modes available

Modal split

Public transportation network coverage of urban area

Energy profile

Community's final energy consumption by economic sector according to GPC

Energy consumption per inhabitant

Percentage of local government operations of community final energy consumption

Local government operations of final energy consumption by sector of activity according to IEAP

Community final energy consumption evolution through time

Further information on energy profile

For more information on the city's GHG emission reporting, visit their profile on the carbonn Climate Registry.

2030 Municipal Strategic Plan

To cut greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 20%, the Urban-LEDS Satellite City of Belo Horizonte has recently adopted policies and implemented measures that contribute to the reduction of its GHG emissions, water consumption and solid waste disposal.

“Sustainable BH" Building Certification Program

Both the public and private sectors are making efforts to obtain gold, silver or bronze green building certification through the improvement of the energy and environmental performance of residential, commercial and industrial buildings. To date, 47 buildings have already been certified including 24 local primary schools.

Completion of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) inventory

Belo Horizonte developed a GHG inventory to account for both the Government GHG Emissions (2007) and Community GHG Emissions (2010) as part of the project, to better understand where and how emissions can be decreased.  In particular, the City set a target to reduce Community emissions 20% by 2030 (2007).

WWF Earth Hour City Challenge (EHCC) 2014-2015 National Capital Winner

Belo Horizonte was selected as an EHCC National Capital for its focus on long-term sustainability and its use of public participation. As a product of the two, the City has a robust Climate Change Policy which focuses on transportation, renewable energy, sanitation and adaptation, along with a compact urban development plan.

2015 Sustainable Transport Award Winner

Belo Horizonte, together with Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, has been awarded the 2015 Sustainable Transport Award, which recognizes the efforts of Belo Horizonte in implementing the first projects of their comprehensive Mobility Plan. Since 2014, Belo Horizonte has a new, gold-standard bus rapid transit system, MOVE BRT began operating in two corridors covering 23 kilometers. The city also revitalized its downtown area, creating pedestrian-only streets and implementing 27 kilometers of their planned bikeway network.




For more information on the city's mitigation activities, visit their profile on the carbonn Climate Registry.

GCC tracking for Belo Horizonte
Step I
Step II
Step III

GreenClimateCities methodology - Legend

GreenClimateCities Methodology - Belo Horizonte

Urban LEDS

Lessons learned and replication 

Belo Horizonte has encountered a number challenges in the implementation of these measures, such as the:

  • Prioritization of sustainability policies;
  • Existence and availability of technical resources, such as consulting firms;
  • Institutionalization of the new Green Building Certification Institute;
  • Resistance of engineers and architects to meet the required building standards;
  • Public awareness of the policies.

However, the City has learned some important lessons to ensure the success of its ambitious initiatives, including:

  • Strong political will and institutional support through the provision of necessary technical and financial resources, support innovative policy and sustainable action;
  • Qualified and motivated staff that continuously refine processes and effectively communicate with relevant stakeholders further awareness of the direct and indirect benefits of sustainable development;
  • Public awareness of success stories that demonstrate not only environmental gains, but also the economic gains of sustainable development, help to overcome resistance and motivate new members to participate in the program.


Urban-LEDS process / GreenClimateCities methodology implementation

Urban-LEDS MoU with ICLEI (name of document, date)

Memorando de Entendimento, April 23, 2013.