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Bogor releases Low Emission Development Strategy

In 2015, the Urban-LEDS Model City of Bogor, Indonesia, successfully embedded its Low Emission Development Strategy (LEDS) within the City’s 5-year Mid-Term Development Plan (“RPJMD”), blazing the trail for long-term sustainable transportation, green building, waste management and resilience to climate change.

In recent decades, Bogor City has undergone rapid urban development. It has seen increasing numbers of commuters travelling to and from the city on a daily basis via micro-buses (“angkot) and private-owned vehicles. The consequences were intense road traffic and poor air quality.  Additionally, Bogor’s rich heritage is attracting an increasing flow of tourists wishing to enjoy the city’s leisure services, culture and culinary offer, resulted in increasing waste management challenges for the local government.

These challenges are being addressed in the Urban-LEDS project. Starting with a greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory guided by the latest global protocol for community-scale GHG emissions, the GPC, and following  ICLEI’s GreenClimateCities® methodology, the city of Bogor was able to identify its priority emitting sectors and set a course for low emission sustainable development.

Following, a unique multi-stakeholder consultation effort, the local government reviewed its existing spatial planning frameworks and extensively integrated low emission development in its 5-year Mid-Term Development Plan (also known as RPJMD). This 5-year plan provides a regional land-use and development framework. It identifies the following as key low emission development objectives:


  • establishing city-wide waste management schemes and facilities;
  • the development of green building standards to accelerate the use of low emission development technologies, materials and design strategies;
  • improving  spatial planning and urban development projects to reduce vulnerability to climate-related risks; and
  • enhancing  accessibility and user-friendliness of urban facilities in general to improve overall quality of life.

The RPJMD was mandated by the Bogor City regulation on regional spatial planning. Embedding the urban Low Emission Development Strategy in the RPJMD has for example led to:  a Green Building Standard; the mayor’s referral letter on energy efficiency in all government buildings; a mayoral decree on the transition to EcoMobility focusing on pedestrians / cyclists; as well as a mayoral decree on building retrofit, pedestrian areas and the conversion of street lighting and lighting in heritage buildings to light-emitting diodes.

This approach - ensuring that the RPJMD includes robust guidelines for low emission development - vividly speaks for Bogor’s determination to translate its vision  into strategic action.  The leadership of the mayor and Council has ensured this city is on a course to a low-carbon, resilient and sustainable future.

Bogor’s City profile is available here.