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Cities, and more specifically local governments and local communities, are the main target groups addressed in the Urban-LEDS II project. ICLEI engages with the local governments, which in turn engage with a wide range of local stakeholders in the urban low-emission development process. 

Phase II: City selection is underway.

Phase I:

Cities in emerging economy countries

Model cities

After a competitive call for interest in which approximately 50 cities participated, eight cities have been selected as the Urban-LEDS project´s model cities:

  • Recife and Fortaleza in Brazil
  • Thane and Rajkot in India
  • Steve Tshwete Local Municipality and KwaDukuza Local Municipality in South Africa
  • Balikpapan and Bogor in Indonesia

Satellite cities

The model cities will be encouraged to share their experiences with satellite cities at the regional and international levels, creating an enabling environment for knowledge and experience sharing and peer-learning. In parallel with the model cities´ selection process, and following similar criteria, approximately 20 satellite cities were selected.


  • Belo Horizone (Pop. 2.4 million)
  • Betim (Pop. 0.4 million)
  • Curitiba (Pop. 1.7 million)
  • Porto Alegre (Pop. 1.4 million)
  • Rio de Janeiro (Pop. 6.0 million)
  • Sorocaba (Pop. 0.6 million)


  • Coimbatore (Pop. 2.1 million)
  • Gwalior (Pop. 1.0 million)
  • Nagpur (Pop. 2.4 million)
  • Panaji (0.07 million)
  • Pimpri-Chinchwad (Pop. 1.7 million)
  • Shimla (Pop. 0.2 million)


  • Kabupaten Bogor (Pop. 4.7 million)
  • Tanggerang Selatan (Pop. 1.3 million)
  • Tarakan (Pop. 0.16 million)
  • Bontang (Pop. 0.18 million)

South Africa:

  • Mogale City Local Municipality (Pop. 0.4 million)
  • Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality (Pop. 1.2 million)
  • Saldanha Bay Municipality (Pop. 0.08 million)
  • Sol Plaatje Municipality (Pop. 0.4 million)
  • uMhlathuze Local Municipality (Pop. 0.4 million)

European cities

The model cities will have the opportunity to exchange experiences and knowledge with European cities with common interests and Low Emission Development priorities, benefiting from study visits, an informal mentoring program, and networking events.

Selected European cities:

  • Almada, Portugal (Pop.174,030) 
  • Bologna, Italy (Pop. 384,038)
  • Copenhagen, Denmark (Pop. 559,440) 
  • Gaziantep, Turkey (Pop. 1,421,359)
  • Hannover, Germany (Pop. 522,686)
  • Helsinki, Finland (Pop. 603,968)
  • Zagreb, Croatia (Pop. 790,017)
  • Warsaw, Poland (Pop. 1,710,000)